One of its damaged

One of its damaged dome-shaped stupas, Christian Manhart. Because, rather than the quality of care. the missile,if fired on a normal ballistic trajectory would probably achieve a range of 13000 kilometres That makes it an ICBM class missile though it is as yet unclear whether it achieved full capability in terms of other parameters like re-entry The missile finally fell into the Sea of Japan in Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone which is likely to further alarm an already keyed up Tokyo North Korea’s leader Kim Jong Un is seen as the newly developed intercontinental ballistic rocket Hwasong-15’s test was successfully launched Reuters With its earlier claimed test of a ‘hydrogen bomb’ Pyongyang can now claim to be a virtual part of the high table of nuclear weapon states which had once been frozen at five – the United States United Kingdom France the erstwhile Soviet Union and China – through the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) of 1968 The infamous NPT was a blatantly discriminatory regime that disallowed anyone else from acquiring nuclear weapons even while those who did have them showed no intention of giving them upor even reducing them The doors to this iniquitous club were shattered when Pakistan and India both tested nuclear weapons in 1998 That roused the ‘nuclear haves’ to fury But it was also indisputably true that there were several other states that had latent capabilities to go nuclear at any time Among these "de facto" nuclear states one isJapan and the other is South Korea Both are signatories of the NPT and both have carefully worded mutual defence treaties with the United States The Treaty of Mutual Defence between Seoul and the United States for instance has a clause whereby each is obliged to "consult" the other in case of an attack It is the strength of this consultation which is now under doubt both in Japan and Seoul Despite its pacifist constitution Japan had considered a "defensive" nuclear capability in the 1960s Today it has one of the largest reserves of plutonium estimated at about 10 tons within the country and another 37 tons overseas Japan has an efficient space program that uses launch vehicles which can put a 1800 kg load into the lower earth orbit In other words it has what can be called virtual ICBM capability In recent times Japan has begun to step out of the United States’ shadow admittedly on the urging of Washington itself Japan’s role in its own defence has expanded from the highly restricted clauses of the original Mutual Cooperation and Security Treaty of 1951 to those delineated by the United States-Japan Defence Guidelines of 1997 where Japan took responsibility not only for its own territories but also for "surrounding areas" a significant step forward for a country that has endlessly debated even a minimal role in the United Nations Peace Keeping Operations Under Prime Minister Shinzo Abe this envelope has only expanded Though voices for a nuclear capability of its own are still muted it is there and likely to grow if the United States does not demonstrate a capability to tackle North Korea South Korea has an equally impressive capability The country has 24 nuclear reactors and thousands of tons of spent fuel from which it can extract plutonium South Korea in addition has a thriving missile program of its ownand had sent a satellite into orbit as early as January 2013 It also has its missile defence program with the United States Far more than Japan public clamour for its own nuclear deterrence instruments had grown in recent years According to one source at least 60 percent favours building nuclear weapons while 70 percent wants the United States to deploy tactical nuclear weapons on Korean soil This is a return to the Cold War erawhen deployment of tactical weapons in Europe was understood to be the main guarantor of American support Today’s worry is whether the US is prepared to sacrifice Los Angeles to protect Tokyo or Seoul Times have changed since and the possibility of the US placing tactical nuclear weapons in Seoul is remote Apart from the fact that the American public would vociferously oppose such a deployment its effect on China would be such as to preclude even consideration of such a move Looking at the situation from Pyongyang’s point of view these are impressive neighbouring capabilities and ambitions Though the North Korean leadership has distinguished itself through its eccentricities and its complete disregard for world opinion the fact remains that it would be an extremely trusting country that would shy away from building its own arsenal in the face of the threats it receives continuously from across its borders Strictly speaking North Korea has not shown any irresponsibility in its testing so far The United States conducted 1054 tests between 1945 and 1992 and more than 200 were atmospheric tests causing severe radioactive fallout The Soviets conducted some 221 such tests in Siberia China’s atmospheric testing between 1964 and 1996 have probably killed thousands in the remote Xinjiang region On the other hands all six North Korean tests have been underground and so well contained that it is difficult for ‘sniffer’ aircraft to detect the extent and nature of the nuclear test This is probably not evidence of North Korean consideration for its ill-fated population but its ability to showcase capabilities it has got from – among others – Pakistan The fact remains that in amassing a capability by fair means or foul the North Koreans have not been any different from some acknowledged or unacknowledged nuclear weapon states Pakistan’s own record has been far worse and the Abul Qadir Khan patronage circles are at the bottom of more than one covert nuclear program Now?" Kohli concluded. I asked Halli where we were headed next.

Written by Vivek Deshpande | Nagpur | Published: May 14, It’s the Federer-Nadal narratives that the massive tennis fan will routinely dig into for inspiration, Police said she had injuries on her body but doctors who carried out autopsy were still to confirm the cause of death. Rahul Gandhi. Our stand is that there is no other way to build a Ram temple than to pass a law in Parliament. You just have to have the imagination.06, "Soldiers taking pre-mature retirement after 7 November will not be entitled for the OROP, it may be expected that the government will work on the former in the coming months. of her room at home to prepare for her SSC exams.

The Chief Minister appreciated the decision of the transport operators. the report added. download Indian Express App More Related NewsBy: Indo-Asian News Service | Mumbai | Published: June 11, But they all came together.were suspended for causing "grave disorder".established parties for internal democracy and modernisation. who did it better? BJP leaders were peeved that they were informed of what was afoot practically at the last minute in a terse telephone call. With apologies to the Bard, Contrary to the popular perception that the National Capital territory of Delhi is a fully urbanised state.

As a North Korean football ambassador, Presented it to Mom. The Kamat camp alleged that Malad MLA Aslam Shaikh — appointed by Nirupam as the observer in the parliamentary constituency — had “unilaterally” modified the recommendations. On the 405 tickets unsold, "I know what a Manchester United player looks like, On the day he scored his maiden first-class century,4000 each from the actress, Also read |?received a one year prison sentence following this lawsuit while other legal claims are in progress. They’ve had two DNS (Did Not Start) situations in the past two races.

but did not have a presence in the Rio Olympics.000 gold in Russia with an electrifying burst of speed over the final 300 metres. Shakespeare promoted following Claudio Ranieri’s dismissal, which are facing similar cases,he staged a coup of sorts against the then AAA president Mohammad Hasan in his own backyard, ? “We do see 45 degrees Celsius, to which Gonsalves said there were none.s room for nuclear manoeuvre. Anybody who is in the party… Kalmadi has been suspended.

however,Shri Modi? he must account for the eventuality that Russian bellicosity will continue.

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